In general, it is intended to value the declared cultural and natural heritage, as one of the engines of the revitalization and increase of economic and tourist activity in the Center-Castilla y León cooperation area, in coordination with other centers of attraction close to it . heritage such as Coimbra and Salamanca.
In particular, the project initiates the implementation of actions for the conservation, enhancement and promotion of the Mata Nacional do Bussaco Historical Gardens and La Quinta El Bosque de Béjar , with the intention of creating a network of natural and cultural spaces of cross-border interest , given their common natural, historical and cultural outstanding values.
On the other hand, it is proposed to attract new tourist flows as a result of the planned activities in coordination: the definition and management of itineraries for the visit and the use of new information technologies for communication and interpretation; as well as the development of strategies and activities to improve accessibility and awareness of these spaces for groups with disabilities.
Among the activities included in the project, which include the adaptation of the Historic Gardens for their public enjoyment, the inclusive interpretation of the resources and communication and dissemination activities of the project; The following actions are contemplated in each of the Gardens:
QUINTA RENACENTISTA EL BOSQUE DE BÉJAR
Rehabilitation of the Formal Romantic Garden and the patrimonial elements associated with it, such as fountains and water games; prior preparation of the technical documents necessary for this, such as palynological and plant species studies, archaeological projects and actions, and engineering, landscaping and gardening projects.
Intervention in the Huerta de Abajo , with recovery of the architectural elements, as well as restoration of the hydraulic system, conditioning of pedestrian roads and the realization of an adequate plant treatment; also including previous studies and technical projects for its execution.
Intervention in landscaped terraces, central park and Alameda , in order to recover the historic path from the main access door.
Rehabilitation of the ground floor of the Palace for its adaptation as a reception center for visitors and an interpretation center, after drafting the technical document that describes the work to be carried out to adapt the spaces to use.
Repair and consolidation of the different elements that make up the hydraulic system (dam, pipelines, spillways …) for its efficient operation, avoiding water losses that could affect the built elements.
Provision of infographic and audiovisual media such as exhibition content and dissemination and information material, with an inclusive and accessible nature. To do this, it is planned to carry out:
- Digital informative elements, such as digital visit guides, multimedia content: texts, audios, videos and the design and production of 360º virtual visits.
- Design and implementation of interactive tables to support interpretation, based on a three-dimensional model and associated multimedia content (texts, audio and video), aimed at providing detailed information on the heritage of the resources.
MATA NACIONAL DO BUSSACO
Recovery of green spaces in the Palace Gardens and the Valley of the Ferns. These spaces, created in the 19th century, are, due to their location and surround, one of the most emblematic in La Mata. In addition, the installation of new irrigation systems is proposed, with profitable maintenance solutions, which in turn integrate improvements in energy and water savings. The total area of the intervention covers 9,520 m2 of Palace gardens , 6,822 m2 of gardens in the Valley of the Ferns .
Adaptation of the Chalet de Santa Tereza , to create a welcoming space for visitors and an accessible interpretation center.
Provision of infographic and audiovisual media such as exhibition content and dissemination and information material, with an inclusive and accessible nature.
KNOWLEDGE AND DISSEMINATION
In addition to the specific actions on each space, the project proposes a series of joint actions aimed at the dissemination and knowledge of the project and the promotion of the Mata Nacional do Bussaco Historical Gardens and La Quinta El Bosque de Béjar, which together with the development from this website the following:
- Design and production of a trilingual promotion stand (PT / ES / EN), for its participation in the AR&PA Biennial of Cultural Heritage.
- Conducting guided tours and educational workshops for schoolchildren, to involve the younger public in the knowledge of natural and cultural resources and in its preservation.
- Organization of congresses and technical seminars for cultural heritage managers, to transmit the results of the recovery of the Historic Gardens and to enhance these spaces.
- Creation of a traveling monographic exhibition of the project, which transmits the heritage value of these spaces, as well as the results of the project’s actions in each of the Gardens.
- Edition of printed and digital publications of the project in different formats for dissemination through the website as well as in the different scheduled events.
AREAS OF INTERVENTION
EL BOSQUE DE BÉJAR
The Bosque de Béjar is a suburban recreational village of Renaissance origin, created in 1567 by the Duke of Béjar and that today is jointly managed by the Béjar City Council and the Junta de Castilla y León. It is one of the few examples of historical gardens that are preserved in Castilla y León; It was declared in 1946 as an Artistic Garden and in 1982 as an Asset of Cultural Interest (BIC), with the category of Historical Garden, of the Spanish Historical Heritage. A specific declaration of the protection environment, promoted by the JCYL, was also approved on June 8, 1995.
The whole of the Béjar Forest was built according to Renaissance canons, preserving at present its characteristic elements, with the transition from the natural space to the palace through stepped terraces, the hydraulic system that ended in the Tinte del Duque and an important set of architectural and landscape elements. Among the architectural elements include, in addition to the Palace, the house of the Forest and the stables with the hermitage. The monumental complex is completed by the large pond with a central island and its neo-Mudejar Temple, the exedra and the different fountains that are distributed through the routes through the terraces and garden spaces.The Romantic Garden stands out due to its landscape value, which, although not preserving the original layout, contains a great variety of plant species, some of them protected, such as the sequoia.
MATA DO BUSSACO
Classified as a National Monument, the monumental complex of Bussaco mobilizes an exceptional heritage wealth. To the central nucleus formed by the Palace Hotel do Bussaco and the Convent of Santa Cruz, the hermitages, the chapels of devotion and the Steps that make up the Via Sacra, the fence with the doors, the Military Museum and the memorial of the Battle of Bussaco. The cruise ships, the fountains (especially the Fonte Fria with its monumental staircase) and the cisterns, the viewpoints (“Cruz Alta” offers a privileged view over the entire region between Coimbra and Serra do Caramulo) and the houses in the forest, make up the vast ensemble heritage built in the Mata Nacional do Bussaco that is worthy of admiration.With 105 hectares of surface, it has one of the best dendrological collections in Europe, with about 250 species of trees and shrubs, some of them classified as notable specimens. It is one of the richest national forests in natural, architectural and cultural heritage, and can be divided into three landscape units: Arboretum, Gardens, Valley of the Ferns and Relíquia Forest.
RESULTS OF THE PROJECT
Improvement of the main and secondary access ramps.
Performance on the wall.